Regardless of its market, maturity and size, in order to thrive, a business must manage its day-to-day operations through well-defined, executed, and controlled processes and decisions. The top performers automate both with two automation technologies: Business Process Management (BPM) and Business Decision Management (BDM). The aim of this article is to explain the two technologies, what they have in common, what makes them different, and how to use them both to better benefit from the automation of processes and decisions.


Generally speaking, BPM is the set of technologies that fully or partially automate one or more processes of an organization…

Bauhaus art school building in Dessau, Germany. The Bauhaus principles of simplicity, functionality, and innovation underpin the minimalist design behind the iconic Apple aesthetic.

Executive summary

The modern economy is replete with stories of organizations that vanished (Kodak), others that survived (Fujifilm), and others that thrived (Apple). When you read the full adventures, you find that the main character was innovations ―plural because there is not just one but different kinds of innovations. In this article, I describe the six types of innovation that I have encountered through my experience beyond the common incremental innovation vs disruptive innovation dichotomy.

Why innovation is not an option?

Before answering this question, let me define what innovation means. Stated simply, it is any product, process, or service by which an individual or an organization solves…

“Hello, World!” by Thomas Schoch

Time to time, I take a random walk through the landscape of programming languages, the raw material of the computing industry without which no software would even exist. New languages continue to spark as if programming was novel. Each has aficionados and detractors, and estimating their popularity is far from easy. Every time, I start with a simple question in mind: what’s really new this year? And every time, I finish on the same ascertainment: no new innovation — since the first functional programming language Lisp in the 1950s and object-oriented programming language Smalltalk in the 1970s, nothing has fundamentally…

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“Any plan won’t survive its first encounter with reality. The reality will always be different. It will never be the plan.” — Jeff Bezos

What is it that really makes a project complex? The answer is not specifications, time, budget, or quality, but vagueness, uncertainty, and change. Whatever attention you give to framing, planning, budgeting, and staffing, the reality will always be different. Delivering a large-scale project complying with all these constraints and expectations is challenging, beyond what the books on methods or tools often state.

In this paper, I present what I learned from my experience managing product development…

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“Anybody who comes to you and says he has a perfect language is either naive or a salesman.”

— Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of the C++ programming language

Executive summary

There is no such thing as an AI stand-alone application. It is often built with purpose of being integrated into a production system with a front-end, a back-end, an application logic, one or multiple databases or data streams, and a core system with networking and security protocols. If the application logic and data analytics are often built with Python, the rest of the application is based on programming languages like any other…

“What makes a problem a problem is not that a large amount of search is required for its solution, but that a large amount would be required if a requisite level of intelligence were not applied.”

–Allen Newell, one of the father of AI in the 50’s

The old question still searching for an answer

“What is AI?” is an old question for which there is no answer researchers and practitioners agree upon. The reason is, since its inception, AI did not only attract the attention of computer scientists, but also that of neuroscientists, economists, and social scientists who participated in shaping it. …

Move data to the center and surveys to the edge!

Photo by Ivan Bertolazzi from Pexels

Amazon is an amazing company and deserves attention if not admiration on how it creates, shapes, and manages markets -A reason why I consider the annual letter of its founder and CEO, Jeff Bezos, a must read for everyone, be he or she a seasoned professional or a graduate student seeking to learn from one of the most powerful companies in the world.

In his 2018 letter to shareholders, Jeff Bezos wrote that market research doesn’t help, which stung me as I spent many years in this industry, first managing…

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The phrase “digital transformation” has become so common that we tend not to realize there are two flavors of digital transformation. One is tactical focusing on user experience, the other is strategic focusing on internal operations. I will respectively name the former marketing digital transformation and the latter business digital transformation.

Marketing digital transformation versus business digital transformation

Marketing digital transformation started with the appearance of the first web browsers in the mid-1990s and reached its maturity with the appearance of the first data analytics offering in the mid-2010s. This tactical transformation dealt with building creative corporate and e-commerce digital…

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Any big traditional company dreams to be like Google, Facebook, or Amazon but there is one thing that separate the former that existed before the birth of the Internet, from the latter which started with the Internet: they were not born with data mining and machine learning in their DNA.

Data, a resource turned into an asset

For the incumbents, data was an information technology (IT) resource to conduct business and as such, it was delegated to CIO and his or her organization to manage it. …

Hassan Lâasri

Data strategy consultant, now leading marketing for Sparkling Logic, Inc.

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